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VIRGINIA "GOOD SAMARITAN" LAW CODE OF VIRGINIA - SECTION 8.01-225 (AS AMENDED 1999) CHAPTER 493 Section '
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VIRGINIA "GOOD SAMARITAN" LAW
CODE OF VIRGINIA - SECTION 8.01-225
(AS AMENDED 1999)
CHAPTER 493
Section 
'
 8.01-225 of the Code of Virginia
Approved April 7, 1999
PERSONS RENDERING EMERGENCY CARE,OBSTETRICAL SERVICES
EXEMPT FROM LIABILITY.
 8.01-225
Persons rendering emergency care, obstetrical services exempt from liability
A. Any person who:
1. In good faith, renders emergency care or assistance, without compensation, to any ill or injured person at the scene of an
accident, fire, or any life-threatening emergency, or en route therefrom to any hospital, medical clinic or doctor's office, shall not be
liable for any civil damages for acts or omissions resulting from the rendering of such care or assistance.
2. In the absence of gross negligence, renders emergency obstetrical care or assistance to a female in active labor who has not
previously been cared for in connection with the pregnancy by such person or by another professionally associated with such
person and whose medical records are not reasonably available to such person shall not be liable for any civil damages for acts or
omissions resulting from the rendering of such emergency care or assistance. The immunity herein granted shall apply only to the
emergency medical care provided.
3. In good faith and without compensation, administers epinephrine to an individual for whom an insect sting treatment kit has been
prescribed shall not be liable for any civil damages for ordinary negligence in acts or omissions resulting from the rendering of such
treatment if he has reason to believe that the individual receiving the injection is suffering or is about to suffer a life-threatening
anaphylactic reaction.
4. Provides assistance upon request of any police agency, fire department, rescue or emergency squad, or any governmental
agency in the event of an accident or other emergency involving the use, handling, transportation, transmission or storage of
liquefied petroleum gas, liquefied natural gas, hazardous material or hazardous waste as defined in 
18.2-278.1
 or regulations of
the Virginia Waste Management Board shall not be liable for any civil damages resulting from any act of commission or omission on
his part in the course of his rendering such assistance in good faith.
5. Is an emergency medical care attendant or technician possessing a valid certificate issued by authority of the State Board of
Health who in good faith renders emergency care or assistance whether in person or by telephone or other means of
communication, without compensation, to any injured or ill person, whether at the scene of an accident, fire or any other place, or
while transporting such injured or ill person to, from or between any hospital, medical facility, medical clinic, doctor's office or other
similar or related medical facility, shall not be liable for any civil damages for acts or omissions resulting from the rendering of such
emergency care, treatment or assistance, including but in no way limited to acts or omissions which involve violations of State
Department of Health regulations or any other state regulations in the rendering of such emergency care or assistance.
6. Has attended and successfully completed a course in cardiopulmonary resuscitation which has been approved by the State
Board of Health who, in good faith and without compensation, renders or administers emergency cardiopulmonary resuscitation,
cardiac defibrillation, including, but not limited to, the use of an automated external defibrillator, or other emergency life-sustaining or
resuscitative treatments or procedures which have been approved by the State Board of Health to any sick or injured person,
whether at the scene of a fire, an accident or any other place, or while transporting such person to or from any hospital, clinic,
doctor's office or other medical facility, shall be deemed qualified to administer such emergency treatments and procedures, such
individual shall not be liable for acts or omissions resulting from the rendering of such emergency resuscitative treatments or
procedures.
7. Provides automated external defibrillation services for emergencies at the scene of an emergency, in compliance with 
32.1-
111.14:1
, shall be immune from civil liability for any personal injury that results from any act or omission in the use of an automated
external defibrillator in an emergency where the person performing the defibrillation acts as an ordinary, reasonably prudent person
would have acted under the same or similar circumstances, unless such personal injury results from gross negligence or willful or
wanton misconduct of the person rendering such emergency care.
8. Is a volunteer in good standing and certified to render emergency care by the National Ski Patrol System, Inc., who, in good faith
and without compensation, renders emergency care or assistance to any injured or ill person, whether at the scene of a ski resort
rescue, outdoor emergency rescue or any other place or while transporting such injured or ill person to a place accessible for
transfer to any available emergency medical system unit, or any resort owner voluntarily providing a ski patroller employed by him to
engage in rescue or recovery work at a resort not owned or operated by him, shall not be liable for any civil damages for acts or
omissions resulting from the rendering of such emergency care, treatment or assistance, including but not limited to acts or
omissions which involve violations of any state regulation or any standard of the National Ski Patrol System, Inc., in the rendering of
such emergency care or assistance, unless such act or omission was the result of gross negligence or willful misconduct.

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9. Any employee of a school board, authorized by a prescriber and trained in the administration of insulin and glucagon, who, upon
the written request of the parents as defined in 
22.1-1
, assists with the administration of insulin or administers glucagon to a
student diagnosed as having diabetes who requires insulin injections during the school day or for whom glucagon has been
prescribed for the emergency treatment of hypoglycemia shall not be liable for any civil damages for ordinary negligence in acts or
omissions resulting from the rendering of such treatment if the insulin is administered according to the child's medication schedule
or such employee has reason to believe that the individual receiving the glucagon is suffering or is about to suffer life-threatening
hypoglycemia. Whenever any employee of a school board is covered by the immunity granted herein, the school board employing
him shall not be liable for any civil damages for ordinary negligence in acts or omissions resulting from the rendering of such insulin
or glucagon treatment.
B. Any licensed physician serving without compensation as the operational medical director for a licensed emergency medical
services agency in this Commonwealth shall not be liable for any civil damages for any act or omission resulting from the rendering
of emergency medical services in good faith by the personnel of such licensed agency unless such act or omission was the result of
such physician's gross negligence or willful misconduct.
Any person serving without compensation as a dispatcher for any licensed public or nonprofit emergency services agency in this
Commonwealth shall not be liable for any civil damages for any act or omission resulting from the rendering of emergency services
in good faith by the personnel of such licensed agency unless such act or omission was the result of such dispatcher's gross
negligence or willful misconduct.
Any individual, certified by the State Office of Emergency Medical Services as an emergency medical services instructor and
pursuant to a written agreement with such office, who, in good faith and in the performance of his duties, provides instruction to
persons for certification or recertification as a certified basic life support or advanced life support emergency medical services
technician shall not be liable for any civil damages for acts or omissions on his part directly relating to his activities on behalf of such
office unless such act or omission was the result of such emergency medical services instructor's gross negligence or willful
misconduct.
Any licensed physician serving without compensation as a medical advisor to an E-911 system in this Commonwealth shall not be
liable for any civil damages for any act or omission resulting from rendering medical advice in good faith to establish protocols to be
used by the personnel of the E-911 system, as defined in 
58.1-3813
, when answering emergency calls unless such act or
omission was the result of such physician's gross negligence or willful misconduct.
Any licensed physician who directs the provision of emergency medical services, as authorized by the State Board of Health,
through a communications device shall not be liable for any civil damages for any act or omission resulting from the rendering of
such emergency medical services unless such act or omission was the result of such physician's gross negligence or willful
misconduct.
C. Any provider of telecommunication service, as defined in 
58.1-3812
, including mobile service, in this Commonwealth shall not
be liable for any civil damages for any act or omission resulting from rendering such service with or without charge related to
emergency calls unless such act or omission was the result of such service provider's gross negligence or willful misconduct.
Any volunteer engaging in rescue or recovery work at a mine or any mine operator voluntarily
providing personnel to engage in rescue or recovery work at a mine not owned or operated by such operator, shall not be liable for
civil damages for acts or omissions resulting from the rendering of such rescue or recovery work in good faith unless such act or
omission was the result of gross negligence or willful misconduct.
D. Nothing contained in this section shall be construed to provide immunity from liability arising out of the operation of a motor
vehicle.
For the purposes of this section, the term "compensation" shall not be construed to include (i) the salaries of police, fire or other
public officials or personnel who render such emergency assistance, (ii) the salaries or wages of employees of a coal producer
engaging in emergency medical technician service or first aid service pursuant to the provisions of 
45.1-161.38
, 45.1-161.101,
45.1-161.199 or 
45.1-161.263
, or (iii) complimentary lift tickets, food, lodging or other gifts provided as a gratuity to volunteer
members of the National Ski Patrol System, Inc., by any resort, group or agency.
For the purposes of this section, an emergency medical care attendant or technician shall be deemed to include a person licensed
or certified as such or its equivalent by any other state when he is performing services which he is licensed or certified to perform by
such other state in caring for a patient in transit in this Commonwealth, which care originated in such other 
state.