This is a collection of assignments from CS 3604. Additional assignments will be added as they are developed.
You will be required to hand-in
You will also include in the package a printed (paper) journal of your experiences in preparing this assignment as outlined in the writing page. The purpose of the journal is for you to self-evaluate your progress towards completing this assignment, to better understand and judge your own activities in this project, and to assist in analyzing the processes of writing for future assignments. A form for answering questions on your experiences is available on the web.
Place all your materials in a large envelope that contains only your name on the outside.
So how do you go about writing a biography of a person? Well obviously one way would be to find out where that person lives and interview them. However, interviewing someone without knowing something about them first is very difficult. The best interviewer is like a lawyer in court -- they should know the answers in advance. So it all comes back to doing your homework, either as a student or an interviewer. It is possible that the person you have chosen does have a biography already written, but don't let us count on it -- he/she may be dead already!
So where to start? Well the first place is probably the reference section of the library where you will find various editions of volumes entitled "Who's Who". If you go to the Virginia Tech Newman Library, you will find the following entry through the Virginia Tech Library System (VTLS):
CALL NUMBER: DA28 W6
Filing Title: Who's who (New York, N.Y.)
Title: Who's who.
Imprint: New York : St. Martin's, 1849-
Description: v. : ill. ; 13-22 cm.
Published: 1st (1849)-
Note: Also published in British ed. by A. & C. Black, London, England.
Men and women of the time
Subject: Biography -- Dictionaries -- Periodicals.
But since most of the people that we are looking for are in science, perhaps the following entry would be better:
CALL NUMBER: ON ORDER Q141 W576
Title: Who's who in science and engineering.
Imprint: Wilmette, Ill. : Marquis Who's Who, c1992-
Description: v. ; 31 cm.
Note: Vol. for 1992-1993 called also "Premier edition."
Subject: Scientists -- Biography -- Dictionaries.
Subject: Engineers -- Biography -- Dictionaries.
REAL famous people are to be found in these two collections of biographies, but beware, what you will find is not going to be much more than a listing that looks like a resumé, and there is not much about the person themselves. Not that should not go there, but let me suggest some other sources:
Other sources that you may find useful are the organizations for professional activities such as the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) or the IEEE Computer Society. Well known computer scientists have four possible places where you might find information about them:
CALL NUMBER: Q41 R9
Title: Biographical memoirs of fellows of the Royal Society.
Imprint: London, Royal Society of London.
Description: v. ill. 26 cm.
Frequency: Irregular 1990-
Published: v. 1- 1955-
Note: Beginning in 1984, microfiche accompany some volumes.
Note: None published in 1989.
Note: Partial contents on microfiche available in microform area.
Note: SUPERSEDES Obituary notices of fellows of the Royal Society
Subject: Scientists -- Periodicals.
There is a single journal which publishes biographies and obituaries on a regular basis -- The Annals of the History of Computing. The Annals was originally published by the American Federation of Information Processing Societies, but since 1992 has been published by the IEEE Computer Society. The Annals has an annual index, and occasional cumulative indices. The last cumulative was published with the 10th Anniversary issue in 1987.
CALL NUMBER: TK7885 A5 A59
Title: Annals of the History of Computing.
Imprint: [New york, NY, etc., Spring-Verlag, etc.]
Description: 13 v. ill. 28 cm.
Published: v. 1-13; July 1979-Dec. 1991.
Note: A publication of the American Federation of Information Processing Societies.
Note: CONTINUED BY IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Subject: Electronic data processing -- History -- Periodicals.
Subject: Computers -- History -- Periodicals.
Here are three references that you may find useful if you want to deal with pioneers of the Silicon Valley:
Rogers, Everett M., and Judith K. Larsen. Silicon Valley Fever, Basic Books, Inc., New York, 1984, 302 pp., paperback.
Cringley, Robert X. Accidental Empires, Addison-Wesley, Reading MA, 1992, 324 pp., paperback.
You may also get some help from this listing of biographies in other books:
Cortada, James W. 1987. Historical Dictionary of Data Processing: Biographies, Greenwood Press, Westport CT.
Ramon Lull (1235-1315)
John Napier (1550-1617)
Henry Briggs ( 1561-1630)
Wilhelm Schickard (1592-1635)
Rene Grillet (1600s)
Gaspard Schott (1608-66)
Blaise Pascal (1623-66)
Samuel Morland (1625-95)
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (1646-1716)
Pierre Jacquet-Droz (1700s)
Wolfgang von Kempelen (1734-1804)
Joseph-Marie Jacquard (1752-1834)
Baron Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Fourier (1768-1830)
Pehr Georg Scheutz (1785-1873)
Charles Babbage (1791-1871)
George Boole (1815-64)
Countess of Lovelace, Augusta Ada (1816-52)
Martin Wiberg (1826-1905)
William Stanley Jevons (1835-82)
Henry Adams (1838-1918)
Ram6n Verea (1838-99)
John Shaw Billings (1839-1913)
John Henry Patterson (1844-1922)
John K. Gore ( 1845- l910)
Willgodt Theophil Odhner (1845-1905)
Joseph Boyer (1848-1905)
Gcorge Barnard Grant (1849-1917)
Charles Ranlett Flint (l850-1934)
Emst Georg Fischer (1852-1935)
Leonardo Torres y Quevcdo (1852-1936)
Allan Marquand (1853-1924)
George Winthrop Fairchild (1854-1924)
William Seward Burroughs (1855-1898)
Lyman Frank Baum (1856-1919)
Alfred Blake Dick (1856-1934)
Carl George Lange Barth (1860-1939)
Herman Hollerith (1860-1929)
Vilhelm Bjerknes (1862-1951)
Maurice d'Ocagne (1862-1938)
Dorr Eugene Felt (1862-1930)
Annibale Pastore (1868-1936)
Leon Bollee (1870-1913)
Edward Andrew Deeds (1874-1960)
Thomas John Watson (1874-1956)
James Wares Bryce (1880-1949)
Percy E. Ludgate (1883-1922)
Clark Hull (1884-1952)
James Henry Rand (1886-1968)
Theodore Henry Brown (1888-1973)
Clair D. Lake (1888-1958)
Vannevar Bush (1890-1974)
William Frederick Friedman (1891-1969)
Leslie John Comrie (1893-1950)
Alfred Blake Dick, Jr. (1894-1954)
Norhert Wiener (1894-1964)
Leslie Richard Groves (1896-1970)
Douglas Rayner Hartree (1897-1958)
Ernest Galen Andrews (1898-1980)
Boris Artybasheff (1899-1965)
Howard Hathaway Aiken (1900-73)
Donald Alexander Flanders (1900-58)
Harold Locke Hazen (1901-80)
Alfred Tarski ( 1901-I983)
Wallace John Eckert (1902-71)
Mina Spiegel Rees (1902- )
John Vincent Atanasoff (1903- )
John von Neumann (1903-57)
John Grist Brainerd (1904-88)
Alston Scott Househoulder (1904- )
Derrick Henry Lehmer (1905-91)
Grace Brewster Murray Hopper (1906-92)
Reynold B. Johnson (1906- )
Gordon S. Brown (1907- )
John William Mauchly (1907-80)
Antonin Svoboda (1907-80)
James Franklin Forster (1908-72)
John Hamilton Curtiss (1909-77)
William Bradford Shockley (1910- )
Konrad Zuse (1910- )
Richard Goodman (1911-66)
Cuthbert C. Hurd (1911- )
John Aleksander Rajchman (1911-89)
Louis "Moll" Nicot Ridenour, Jr. (1911-59)
Frederic Calland Williams (1911-77)
Dave Packard (1912- )
Alan Mathison Turing (1912-54)
Julian Bigelow (1913- )
Herman Heine Goldstine (1913- )
Simon Ramo (1913- )
Maurice Vincent Wilkes (1913- )
Dean Everett Wooldridge (1913-
George Bernard Dantzig (1914- )
Walter W. Jacobs (1914-82)
George Robert Stibitz (1914- )
Thomas John Watson, Jr. (1914- )
Arthur Walter Burks (1915- )
Borje Langefors (1915- )
Nicholas C. Metropolis (1915- )
Harry Douglas Huskey (1916- )
Claude Elwood Shannon (1916- )
Herbert Alexander Simon (1916- )
Christopher Strachey (1916-75)
Jule Gregory Charney (1917-81)
Dov Chevion (1917-83)
Frank August Engel, Jr. (1917- )
Robert Mano Fano (1917- )
Ralph Ernest Meagher (1917- )
Andrew Donald Booth (1918- )
Jay Wright Forrester (1918- )
John R. Pasta (1918-81)
John Presper Eckert, Jr. (1919- )
Niels Ivar Bech (1920-75)
Robert William Bemer (1920- )
Frank Taylor Cary (1920- )
An Wang (1920-90)
Willis Howard Ware (1920- )
Heinz Zemanek (1920- )
Isaac Levin Auerbach (1921-92)
Robert Rivers Everett (1921- )
Gene Myron Amdahl (1922- )
Alan J. Perlis (1922-90)
Saul Rosen (1922-91)
J. Cliff Shaw (1922-91)
John Weber Carr (1923- )
Victor Mikhaylovich Glushkov (1923-82)
Jack St. Clair Kilby (1923- )
Herman Lukoff (1923-79)
Joseph Weizenbaum (1923- )
John Backus (1924- )
Julien Green (1924- )
John R. Opel (1925- )
William Michael Blumenthal (1926- )
Fernando Jose Corbato (1926- )
John Diebold (1926- )
Stanley Gill (1926-75)
Kristen Nygaard (1926- )
Kenneth Harry Olsen (1926- )
Richard Utman (1926- )
William Louis Van Den Poel (1926- )
Robert (Bob) Overton Evans (1927- )
Charles Katz (1927- )
John McCarthy (1927- )
Marvin Lee Minsky (1927- )
Allen Newell (1927-92)
Robert Norton Noyce (1927- )
David John Wheeler (1927- )
Bernard Aaron Galler (1928- )
Peter Naur (1928- )
Jean E. Sammet (1928- )
Gordon E. Moore (1929- )
Emerson W. Pugh (1929- )
Frederick Phillips Brooks, Ir. (1931- )
Ole-Johan Dahl (1931- )
Andrei Petrovich Ershov (1931-88)
Arie Van Wijngaarden (1933-87)
Chester Gordon Bell (1934- )
Ralph E. Griswold (1934- )
Brian Randell (1936- )
Philip Don Estridge (1938-85)
Donald Ervin Knuth (1938- )
Adam Osborne (1939- )
Gary A. Kildall (1942- )
Stephen Gary Wozniak (1950- )
William H. Gates (1955- )
Steven Paul Jobs (1955- )
Ralston, Anthony, and Edwin D. Reilly, Jr. (eds). 1983. Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Engineering, Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York.
Ada (Augusta Ada King [née Byron] Countess of Lovelace)
John Vincent Atanasoff
J. Presper Eckert
Grace Murray Hopper
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz
John William Mauchly
Alan M. Turing
John von Nuemann
Maurice V. Wilkes
Richie, David. 1986. The Computer Pioneers, Simon and Shuster, New York.
Slater, Robert. 1987. Portraits in Silicon, MIT Press, Cambridge MA.
John von Neumann
John V. Atanasoff
John V. Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert
Jay W. Forrester
Thomas J. Watson, Sr.
H. Ross Perot
Marcian E. (Ted) Hoff
Grace Murray Hopper
John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz
Dennis Ritchie and Kenneth Thompson
Williams, Michael. A History of Computing Technology, IEEE Computer Society Press, 2nd Ed., 1997.
While not a collection of biographies, this book presents descriptions of the inventions and creations of:
John Vincent Atanasoff
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz
Alan M. Turing
For More ABout Writing Assignments
<html> <title> (Name of Pioneer) </title> <body> <h1> (Name of Pioneer) </h1> by <h2> (Your name as author) </h2> <p> (Image of Pioneer - optional) Name of pioneer, date of birth, location; two sentences briefly describing their significance in the field. <hr> <i>Education:</i> Degree, Field, Institution, date; (repeat as necessary). <i>Professional Experience:</i> Position, company, dates; (repeat as necessary) <i>Honors and Awards:</i> Award, Institution, date; (repeat as necessary) <hr> Narrative biography of pioneer. <hr> <u>Quotation:(A "famous" quotation from or about this pioneer -- optional) <hr> <u>Bibliography</u> <i>Biographical Publications</i>(This should a listing of your sources) <i>Significant Publications</i> (A list of the important publications by the Pioneer) <hr> (Word count) <hr> <i><A HREF="mailto:(your e-mail address">(your name)</A></i> <hr> (date of last update) <p> </body> </html>
The file should be named <your last name>.<pioneer's last name>.html; if you include any image files, the begin their file name with your last name. Obviously if you are using IBM format then the 8-character name limit will force you to abbreviate this naming convention; your name is the most important part.
If you choose the second option, then the web page organization is a little more flexible. The outline should include:
<html> <title> (Topic) </title> <body> <h1> (Topic) </h1> by <h2> (Your name as author) </h2> <p> (Image appropriate to the topic - optional) Narrative <u>Bibliography</u> <hr> (Word count) <hr> <i><A HREF="mailto:(your e-mail address">(your name)</A></i> <hr> (date of last update) Copyright (your name), (date) <p> </body> </html>
The file should be named <your last name>.<topic>.html; if you include any image files, the begin their file name with your last name. See the note about IBM short names above.