COPYRIGHTS, PATENTS, TRADEMARKS & TRADE
1. The following are basic copyright rules:
- protects original works of authorship against
unauthorized copying and potential loss of sales
- is applicable to literary and dramatic works, as well
as computer programs and databases
- is owned by the individual who originates the work
- includes the rule of fair use
- 1 and 2
- 1, 2, 3 and 4 (**)
2. The duration for a copyright is:
- life of author plus 50 years (**)
- from registration to 50 years
- from registration to death of author
- from creation to 50 years
3. Patents must be files within 9 months of initial public
4. Patent protection lasts for:
- 12 years
- 20 years
- 17 years
- 24 years
5. Copyrights imply that:
- one owns the expression of a solution idea(**)
- the owner has a monopoly on the program
- the program may not be copied
6. Computer programs are patentable when they are:
- Part of a larger software system
- Included in an embedded computer
- Essential to the product in which they are
- Copyrighted first
7. There are four types of protection that can be applied to
most any product, including software:
- Trade Secrets
Explain how each provides intellectual property protection as
well as the advantages and disadvantages of each methodology.
8. The US Copyright Law grants exclusive protection to a work
of authorship for:
- for the life of author
- for the life of author plus 50 years (**)
- 25 years for anonymous works
- 70 years for works for hire
- all of the above
9. Software can be patented.
- Only if it is totally original and does not include other
- So long as it is an essential element of a larger system.
- Only when the software is an integral component of a
hardware system. (**)
10. Say that no-one knew how to write a sorting program, then
if I wish to give the best protection to my ideas regarding a
particular way of sorting numerical values:
- I should write a paper about it, and copyright it --
after all the protection will last for my lifetime plus
- Build a mechanical sorter, and patent it -- giving
protection for 17 years.
- Form a company, swear all my employees to secrecy, and
make it a trade secret which would last as long as my
- Give it a peculiar name, and then trademark that name.
11. QUESTION: True or False?
An idea can be copyrighted.
SUGGESTED ANSWER: False.
Copyrights apply to expressions not ideas.
12. QUESTION: True or False?
A single failure to protect an intellectual property claim is sufficient to cause the loss of the property rights.
SUGGESTED ANSWER: True.
This is a very important clause in the law that governs intellectual property rights.
How long is copyright for an anonymous work?
- 70 years
- 21 years
- 95 years <-
- 170 years
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Last updated 2002/05/01
© J.A.N. Lee, 1999-2002.